Types of Specialized Translation
Specialized translations are focused on translations that require subject matter knowledge to translate. Unlike standard translation that relies on cursory translations of the text, Specialized translations focus on subject matter experts to translate the content is it is not a general translation.
The evidence of the existence of translation is essentially as old as the evidence of the existence of written text. The Ebla tablets (from Ebla, in modern Syria) are dated around 2500 BCE and include a set of bilingual word lists in Sumerian and “Eblaite”. Translation and/or interpreting would have to be at least as old as that “dictionary”. Being able to give a date to the birth of translation as a profession is more complicated. We simply don’t know much about the people who did the translation that we know existed in the ancient world. For example, the Hebrew religious texts were at one point translated into vernacular after the end of the Babylonian captivity, probably around the end of the sixth century BCE, but we know nothing about those who did the translation.
However, unlike history, translation has not rapidly evolved into specialized fields. Here are the major types of Specialized Translations.
Journalistic Translation is one of the biggest forms of specialized translation. The translation of news articles or magazine content. This usually occurs when the story is being recreated for a newer audience. It is also required in scenarios where there is a multilingual audience. There are several challenges involved in this kind of translation. It is not just a simple exchange of words.
While the major aim of Journalism is to be objective, most content creations and writers have a slant. Either in the register or politically. Most students of media are aware that there are only a few neutral word choices which although arbitrary, can express a lot. For example, there is a major difference in the US between “undocumented workers” & “illegal aliens”. Even though both can be defined in the same terms, one implied a favor towards strict immigration policy and the other sways towards leniency and easier paths to citizenship.
Legal translations are very crucial. They usually involve the translation of important legal documents which include birth certificates, wills, contracts, and marriage certificates. These are usually produced in countries outside the origin of the legal affairs. This job legally binds the translators to be accurate and there can be severe attached repercussions for errors as they can be viewed as intentional attempts to meddle in the case. Even minor errors such as the format of the page can cause a massive issue. This job is thus taken extremely seriously. A large deal of research goes into an accurate understanding of the text and its source. A major example is a difference in naming conventions across different cultures and it can be difficult to determine the Family name and given names.
Medical translation is another field where accuracy is extremely important. Healthcare providers want to ensure that patients are aware of the detailed information about the medicine. The provided details often include the information regarding the condition, home-care instructions and resource options that are generally translated. Medical translators must, therefore, be extremely cautious in their work. It can be very risky to tell patients to exercise during bed rest or misinformation regarding the ingredients of the medicine.
It is important to have a local touch when it comes to medical translation. Some cultures have scientific naming for issues whereas others have different naming conventions.
Another important factor to take into consideration while translating medical content is the words which are required for the reader to be aware of. If the translation process is being carried for patients living in the same area of the medical office, they might need to search in the local pharmacy for that specific product.
All of these specialized forms of writing require a high level of language related to the fields to make sure that the translation completed accurately reflects the sentiments and contexts that were important in the previous text. Aside from that, it is double-checked to prevent any mistakes as in a lot of these circumstances, single mistakes in legal documents can lead to loss of millions of dollars in lawsuits and otherwise. These fields are extremely lucrative to work in due to the high accuracy and content standards however there is an essential requirement of complete linguistic awareness to do the best job possible.