Most Spoken Languages in the World
There are over 7000 languages spoken in the world with different sounds and history. Some languages are most spoken than others with the number being focused on the native speakers and the number of people that speak them. Currently, these are the most spoken languages in the world: Mandarin Chinese, Spanish, English, Hindi-Urdu, Arabic, Bengali, Portuguese, Russian, Japanese, western Punjabi. However, the exact number of speakers is difficult to measure as in most cases; information on such is an approximation. The position of the languages that are most spoken in the world is dependent on a number of factors. These vary an example being the number of inhabitants.
The most spoken language in the world is Mandarin Chinese. Mandarin is one of the many Chinese languages spoken in China. China has approximately one billion inhabitants who are not of the same dialect. Three quarters of this number speaks mandarin which is roughly 33 countries around the world. Mandarin is the official language of the People’s Republic of China.
Spanish is the second and is spoken in 31 countries which are mostly around the Latin America and in Spain. This language has about 400 million native speakers in addition to the nonnative speakers. Spanish originated in Spain at the Castile region. Spanish is regarded as an easy language to learn because of its phonetic nature meaning that its pronunciation is in the way it looks. In fact, the second most translated book was in Spanish.
English is the third most spoken language in the world. English has approximately 300 to 350 native speakers who are spread out in the different continents. It is the official first language in over one hundred countries. It is ranked as one of the most influential languages in the world because it is also the first second language chosen by different people globally. English is a Germanic language because of its structure of sentences and vocabularies. This language has however been influenced by a variety of languages.
The fourth language is Hindi. Hindi is only spoken as a first language in only seven countries mostly in Nepal and India. The success of this language is because of the sheer number of people living in the countries. This language counts 260 to 400 million speakers.
Arabic is the fifth most spoken language in the world. Around 250 million people in 60 countries speak Arabic. It is considered as a sacred language by the Muslims and believes that the Quran should only be read in Arabic. It has various dialects which makes it difficult even for same speakers to understand one another.
Bengali follows Arabic as a language among the most spoken in the world. Bengali is only spoken as a native language in different countries. This language is mostly spoken in Bangladesh and India despite the 200 million people who speak it. These two countries sing their national anthem in Bengali.
Number seven most spoken languages are Portuguese. Portuguese is spoken by approximately 200 million people around the world with a high number being in Africa. Its alphabets have since increased to 26 from23 years. Portuguese is related to modern Spanish and developed from Latin. It is an official language in nine countries.
Russian follows Portuguese on the list of the most spoken languages in the world. This is the largest of all the Slavic languages and is the official language of four countries. It is spoken mostly in many countries which were a part of the former Soviet Union. Russian is claimed by people in 16 countries as their native language.
Japanese language follows closely but with a lesser number of speakers. This language is considered an isolated one because it is only spoken in one country: Japan by about 130 million inhabitants. It is a language which has thousands of onomatopoeia which are sounds being represented by words. These words have been useful for the Japanese comics and also for manga.
The tenth language is Punjabi. This language is spoken by 120 million speakers. This is the most spoken language in Pakistan with its numbers being close to the Hausa language. It is also the fourth most common language in Britain. Punjabi is considered a distant cousin of the English language as it is part of the wider Indo-Europeans language family. The tonal variation of this language makes it distant from its other relatives in the Indo-European language family.
Considering the different numbers of speakers if the ten most spoken languages, it is important to note what is considered a language. There is a thin dividing line between languages and dialects as the difference of the two is politically related. This distinction displays the different languages and dialects and why some cannot be classified as languages.